These Laws of Futsal are sanctioned by the United States Indoor Soccer Association, based on generally accepted practices and commons sense interpretations of the game for purposes of youth and amateur play in the United States and Canada. As such, they reflect a tolerance respecting structural differences among venues where the game is played, as well as realities respecting playability and officiating. For stricter guidelines, see the US Futsal Laws of the Game or FIFA’s Futsal Laws of the Game.
The court (
U12 and below shall use a size 3 ball, subject to the administrative authority’s review. For above U12, the ball shall be a size 4, low-bounce ball. Game balls are delivered to the Referee prior to each game. The ball may not be changed except by the Referee. At the end of each Half, the ball is maintained by the Referee. Upon the game’s conclusion, the Referee returns all of the game balls to the person or team which supplied them.
Number: For U12 and below, no fewer than 5 or more than 7 of a team’s players, including a goalkeeper, shall occupy the field at the same time (subject to the administrative authority’s review.) For above U12, no fewer than 4 or more than 6, including a goalkeeper, are allowed. A maximum of 15 players may be on a Team Bench. During an Overtime Period, neither team shall play with more than the minimum provided. In coed, the number of males on the field of play may not exceed the number of females by more than 1, not including the Goalkeeper goalkeeper (subject to the administrative authority’s review.) Up to 2 non-player personnel, and at least 1 adult, shall occupy the Team Bench during the game. No other personnel may occupy the Team Bench.
Substitutions: Each team may substitute players freely; provided that, during play, players must substitute off the field of play or within the immediate area of their Team Bench, and goalkeeper substitutions may only be made when the ball is out of play after the referee is notified.
Equipment: Players wear their team's uniform, consisting of the same colors, shin guards, and flat-soled indoor footwear. Jewelry and other accessories are prohibited. The Goalkeeper wears jersey colors distinguished from all other field players and from the Referees.
A regulation game consists of two Halves, with duration according to “house rules” (suggested 23-minute halves with a running clock and 2-minute halftime.) If, in a tournament or playoff, the game is tied at the end of regulation, a 5-minute "Golden Goal" Overtime Period follows. If still tied, a Penalty Kick Shootout takes place.
A team scores a goal when the whole of the ball legally passes entirely over the Goal Line. A goal may not be scored from any “Indirect Kick,” as defined herein.
Referees and Timekeeper: There shall be a Referee and, subject to the Administrative Authority, a second Referee (generally recommended for adult and competitive levels) and Timekeeper.
Responsibilities: The Referee’s authority and duty shall be to enforce the Laws, keep the official game time, keep a record of all incidents before, during and after game, prohibit unauthorized admission to the field of play, assess court conditions for safety and conformity with Laws, and manage (and overrule, if warranted) any second referee, timekeeper or other game official.
The Start of Play and all Restarts shall be “Indirect,” except for Corner Kicks or as set forth elsewhere herein, and the player who starts play may not again play the ball until it touches another player.
A Kickoff from the Center Mark starts play at the beginning of each Half and after every goal. The Home Team takes the Kickoff for the First Half Kickoff and any Overtime Period, and the Visiting Team takes the Kickoff for the Second Half. The Referee designates the teams’ defensive ends, according to "house rules."
Restarts take place by either a Kickoff, Free Kick, Goalkeeper Distribution, or Dropped Ball. Other than for Kickoffs or as provided below, Restarts occur within three feet (3') from the spot of the ball at the moment of stoppage.
A team receives a Free Kick after stoppages other than when a Dropped Ball or Goalkeeper Distribution is required. Before the team takes the Free Kick, the ball must be stationary. All opposing players are at least 15 feet from the spot of the Free Kick (or, if within 15 feet of the opponent's Goal, along the Goal Line). The spot of the Free Kick is that provided above, except:
If neither team has clear possession of the ball at a stoppage, the Referee restarts play with a Dropped Ball. A Dropped Ball caused while the ball is inside a Penalty Arc takes place at the Top of the Arc.
Play restarts with a Goalkeeper Distrubution (or punt in U12 divisions and younger) anywhere within the Penalty Area after an attacking player has last touched the ball before crossing an End Line. Play shall restart once the ball has left the goalkeepers hand and is beyond the Penalty Area; provided the ball does not travel beyond the Halfway Line without touching the court or a player.
The ball is out of play when it has wholly crossed the Goal Line, End Line or Touchline, at a stoppage by the Referee, and when it contacts any part of the building other than the field of play.
Fouls which the Referee deems serious or intentional shall result in a Direct Free Kick. Flagrant Fouls and Fouls committed in the opponent’s Penalty Area shall result in a Penalty Kick. All other Fouls, Unsporting Behavior, Goalkeeper Violations, Team Violations shall result in an Indirect Free Kick.
A Foul occurs if a player:
...and when a player commits the following in a manner that the Referee considers careless, serious, reckless, or involving excessive force:
Unsporting Behavior: A Free Kick results for the following offenses:
Goalkeeper Violations: The opposing team receives a Free Kick for the following violations by a Goalkeeper:
Team Violations: The Referee issues a Team Penalty for the following violations by a team or unidentified person:
Advantage Rule: The Referee allows play to continue, notwithstanding the commission of an offense, when the team against which it has been committed will benefit from an existing offensive advantage.
Flagrant Fouls: A Penalty Kick Restart is awarded for the following Fouls committed by a defender in his or her defensive half of the field:
Cautionable Offenses: Unless otherwise provided below, the Referee issues a Yellow Card for reckless Fouls and for:
Ejectionable Offenses: A person receives a Red Card for Fouls, which the Referee considers violent or committed with excessive force, and for:
An ejected player shall leave the area visible to the field of play for the remainder of the game, and the player’s team shall play short-handed for the earlier to occur of 2 minutes or until the opposing team scores. The player who enters the field thereafter shall await a game stoppage and obtain the referee's prior consent.
In the event that a team has committed more than five (5) Fouls in a half, the Referee shall notify the team that a Penalty Kick Restart shall be awarded for the remainder of the half in case the team commits another.
Penalty Kick Restarts shall be taken from the “Top of the Arc” with the intent to score directly from the kick. Meanwhile, all other players shall be outside of the Penalty Arc and beyond the encroachment area until the shooter strikes the ball. The Goalkeeper shall have at least one foot on his Goal Line until the ball is struck. The kicker shall have 5 seconds to shoot after the Referee’s whistle and shall not play the ball a second time until it has been touched by another player.
The procedure for a Penalty Kick Shootout shall be the same as that for a Penalty Kick Restart, except:
|Arena Soccer||Futsal||Small-Side Soccer|
|Artificial Turf (in general), Boards||Hard Flooring, No Boards||Artificial Turf, No Boards|
|Standard indoor ball||Low-bounce indoor ball||Standard indoor or outdoor ball|
|3-Line Violations||No Offsides or Red Lines (3-Line Violations)||No Offsides or Red Lines (3-Line Violations)|
|All Starts and Restarts are Direct Kicks||Most Starts and Restarts are Indirect Kicks||All Starts and Restarts are Direct Kicks|
|Blue Cards||No Blue Cards||No Blue Cards|
|Time Penalties for all Cards||Time Penalty only for Red Cards||Time Penalty only for Red Cards|
|No Foul Accumulation||Foul Accumulation||No Foul Accumulation|